A summary of the third impeachment inquiry in the history of the United States of America
Before the impeachment inquiry
The President Donald Trump ordered a hold on military aid funding to Ukraine because of an alleged general concern about corruption in Ukraine.
Trump administration told Ukraine that an investigation into Joe Biden was a precondition for a White House visit by the Ukrainian President. In fact, the President’s private lawyer, Mr. Giuliani, accused the former vice-president and 2020 election rival to have used his position to help a Ukrainian energy company which made payments to his son.
In a phone call with the Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, Mr. Trump directly asked him to investigate Joe Biden and pursue information related to alleged Ukrainian interference in the 2016 presidential elections.
An anonymous government employee filed a whistleblower complaint that alleged that Trump abused his power for political gain by targeting a potential election opponent. It documented the presidential phone call and denounced the efforts to restrict access to records related to the call. The complaint wasn’t known to the general public until it leaked on September 21.
The Washington post first reported a possible link between the cut military aid and the investigation into Mr. Biden.
The House Intelligence, Foreign Relations and Oversight committees announced an investigation into Trump’s requests to Zelenskyy on July 25 phone call. They also accused Trump’s administration of withholding military aid for political reasons.
The 5 first steps of the Impeachment Inquiry
September 24: The Inquiry
The speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announced an inquiry into the impeachment of Trump.
October 31: The Resolution
The House passed an impeachment resolution. The impeachment investigation became official.
December 3: The Report
In October, the congressional committee conducted thirteen private interviews with Trump Administrators officials. The House Committee on Intelligence held public hearings from November 13 to November 21, but no witness testified that the President himself directed that either the White House visit or the military be conditioned on the two requested investigations. The Intelligence Committee released its report of findings on December 3. It accused the President of soliciting foreign help for his 2020 reelection as well as obstructing the impeachment investigation. In fact, in response to the House Committee which subpoenaed documents, the White House sent a letter stating it will not cooperate with the subpoenas or the impeachment inquiry.
December 13: The End of the Impeachment Inquiry, the Articles of Impeachment
The House Committee on the Judiciary ended the impeachment inquiry by approving two articles of impeachment: abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
December 18: The Impeachment
The House of Representatives impeached Donald Trump, approving the charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. The two articles were voted on in separate majority votes. The vote tallies 230-197 and 229-198 on abuse of power and obstruction of congress, respectively.
Next, the charges go to the Senate for a trial. If two-thirds of the senators vote yes, the President will be removed from office